CONCERTED ACTIVITY - Employees who act together in a group of two or more, even if no union is involved.
DFR - Duty of Fair Representation - The Unions first responsibility is to make decisions in the interest of the unit as a whole, even when this may conflict with the intrest or desires of an individual union member.
FEDERAL LABOR LAWS (IN SIMPLE TERMS):
1. NRLA (National Labor Relations Act) - In 1935 Congress passed this act to authorize unions to serve as exclusive representives of employees to organize into bargaining units. It imposed (or forced) employers to bargain with employees without the employers being able to fire the employees.
2. Taft-Hartly Act - In 1947 an amendment to the act above was made, in which imposed duties on unions and prohibited various forms of picketing.
In otherwords, 12 years later the government relized that they gave the employees to MUCH power of the employers. This was to level the playing feild.
3. Landrum-Griffin Act - In 1959 another amendment was made to the above act that imposed rules regaurding internal union governance and demorcracy rights within the unions, giving members rights to free speech and the right to vote.
** Federal Labor Laws override State Labor Laws --
STATE LABOR LAWS
1.. State laws ONLY APPLY to the small number of employers (like the adult entertainment industry) that are not covered by unions.